Overview of family organization in rural Soninke.
In rural traditional Soninke of Mauritania, Mali and Senegal, family organization, which is in fact inherited from that of one of the largest and oldest African empires of the Middle Ages (the Gana) is strictly well-respected by all members of the community. This family organization after that of the Diamana (country
Political organization middle Soninke:
III-political organization in rural Soninke. III-1 – At the Debe (village) Soninke In some villages, the election of Debegume (village head) was not done by vote. Soninke ignored democratic election in the manner of modern societies. It is the oldest of the clan who is called to perform the functions of
Soninke social organization: the marabouts, mangoes and Komo:
II-3 The Moodinu (sing. Moodie, marabout) in his book The seed of the word, Mamadou Diawara stated that the word “mood” is the Arabic term deformation of the Soninke “moaddib” which literally means “scholar”. This term, he says, refers both to the educated man and his group.
Soninke social organization: the caste of Niakhamala:
II-2 – Niakhamalo In the caste system in rural Soninke the Niahamalo are considered Tunkalemu customers because of their dependence on the ruling class. They are divided into several subgroups. In order of succession, by tradition, we classify them as follows: II-2 – 1 – Geseru